Lincoln National Corp operates multiple insurance and retirement businesses.
Book value of equity per share effectively indicates a firm's net asset value (total assets - total liabilities) on a per-share basis. References: Below 1: the company is trading below its equity. Equal to 1: the company is trading at the exact value of its equity. Above 1: The company is trading above its equity.
Shows how much the market values every dollar of the company's sales.
The price-to-cash flow (P/CF) ratio is a stock valuation indicator or multiple that measures the value of a stock's price relative to its operating cash flow per share. The ratio uses operating cash flow (OCF), which adds back non-cash expenses such as depreciation and amortization to net income. P/CF is especially useful for valuing stocks that have positive cash flow but are not profitable because of large non-cash charges.
Book value per share (BVPS) takes the ratio of a firm's common equity divided by its number of shares outstanding.
Earnings per share (EPS) is calculated as a company's profit divided by the outstanding shares of its common stock. The resulting number serves as an indicator of a company's profitability. EPS indicates how much money a company makes for each share of its stock and is a widely used metric for estimating corporate value.