Book value of equity per share effectively indicates a firm's net asset value (total assets - total liabilities) on a per-share basis. References: Below 1: the company is trading below its equity. Equal to 1: the company is trading at the exact value of its equity. Above 1: The company is trading above its equity.
Book value per share (BVPS) takes the ratio of a firm's common equity divided by its number of shares outstanding.